Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Horror and Self-punishment in Sophocles Oedipus Rex Essay -- Oedipus

Horror and Self-punishment in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex An ancient plate portraying Oedipus listening to the riddle of the Sphinx. Oedipus Rex is a play whose qualities of inscrutability and of pervasive irony quickly come to complicate any critical discussion. It is a play of transformations in which things change before our eyes as we watch; where meanings and implications seem to be half-glimpsed beneath the surface of the text only to vanish as we try to take them in; and where ironical resemblance and reflections abound to confuse our response. The play encourages us to make connections and to draw out implications that in the end we are forced to reassess, to question and perhaps abandon. The play's meaning through two oppositions is defined by its stage action and its language, are parallel and complimentary to each other. The play is, in a way that determines our response to its meaning, a sequential experience. Our response is shaped through the duration of its performance. The opening of the play presents us with a gathering, the old and the young, no women, no fully adult males, so that Oedipus is, at once, magnified and isolated. His calm authority is overwhelming and majestic. But on what does Oedipus' authority rest? There is a crucial uncertainty here. The opening scenes present us with an image of Oedipus as a political figure, a human king whose power derives from the community he rules, whose perceptions and whose feelings are indissoluble bound up with the experience of the men of Thebes, whose language he speaks and where he belongs. We are swept aside as a gathering panic occupies Oedipus' mind at hearing mention of a place he remembers, where he once killed a man. If that man was Laius, Oedipus s... ...e vain attempts of mankind to escape the evil that threatens them. There is an unmistakable indication in the text of Sophocles' tragedy itself that the legend of Oedipus sprang from some primeval dream-material that had as its content the distressing disturbance of a child's relation to his parents owing to the first stirring of sexuality. At a point when Oedipus, though he is not yet enlightened, has begun to feel troubled by his recollections of the oracle, Jocasta consoles him by referring to a dream, as she thinks, it has no meaning. It is clearly the key to the tragedy and the complement to the dream of the dreamer's father being dead. The story of Oedipus is the reaction of the imagination to these typical dreams. And just as the dreams, when dreamt by adults, are accompanied by feelings of repulsion, so too the legend must include horror and self-punishment.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Childs personality and life Essay

Andy Murray is one of the more extrovert tennis players on the tennis court and is known for his frequent outbursts of passion and his aggressive style of play. In December 2004 he was named the Young Sports Personality of the Year which supports my theory that he is an extravert. Also Andy Murray does not shy from the media he often talks about his game, coaches and even family members such as: After a match against Stepanek, he spoke to the media saying; â€Å"I was pretty happy with the way I played and you could see that by the celebrations and my mum making an idiot of herself† A more introverted person would usually just talk about there performance and there own reaction. Tim Henman Tim Henman is one of the more introvert tennis players on the field he is quite conservative and quiet. His celebration (the trade mark fist clench) supports that he is conservative though he may have an outburst of passion it usually is quirt and short. Tim Henman does get a lot of media attention because he is England’s number one, though he can handle the media spotlight know when his career first started he did not like all the media attention and tried to avoid it. That showed an shy introverted characteristic. A more extroverted person would of liked being centre of attention and looked forward to meeting with the media. Rugby Union The two rugby union players I have chosen to investigate are Martin Johnson and Johnny Wilkinson. Martin Johnson Martin Johnson is one of the well known and accomplished captains of all time. He captained England to the 2003 Six Nations Grand Slam and led club side Leicester Tigers as they won four consecutive Zurich Premiership titles and a European Cup double. He has also toured with the Lions three times. He became the first man in history to captain them twice when he led the Lions on the tour of Australia in 2001, after leading the winning tour of South Africa in 1997. On the pitch he is a player who inspires the best out of his players by leading by example and shouting encouragement and instructions which shows extravert qualities. Off the pitch when Martin Johnson talks to the media he does not like talking about himself which is unusual for an extravert but when talking to the media he always focuses on the collective which shows he is a big team man. In the interview after the winning world cup final he said: â€Å"It was a huge effort by the entire squad of players, coaches and backroom staff, everybody. Thanks to the fans – they were incredible† he also said â€Å"I can’t say enough about the team† What he said to the media reinforces that he is a big team man. This also shows an extravert characteristic of enjoying doing activities that involve other people Johnny Wilkinson Johnny Wilkinson is an introverted rugby player but the drop goal during extra time that won England the World Cup in 2003 made him the most famous players in international professional rugby. On the field he has a reputation for accurate kicking and fierce tackling; off the field he has a reputation for practicing incessantly and avoiding publicity. This shows two introverted characteristics one of doing things alone (training) two avoiding media attention (publicity) being shy. Are we born with our personalities? The answer is well there isn’t one there is only theories weather we are born with a personality. I believe we may be born with a personality disorder (mental disorder) but they are the ones that have been scientifically proven. I believe our personality depends on environmental factors (schools physiology etc) and hugely how our parents interact with us and other people. Children learn from copying others and they copy there parents more than anybody. ‘Parents are gods in the eyes of their children ‘I think that phrase sums up how much a parent affects a Childs personality and life.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

William Blake Had A Strict Standard On How His Poems Should

William Blake had a strict standard on how his poems should appear. In his poems, he was not very concerned with grammar or spelling, even though he was writing in a time much after the official English language had been created. Much of his spellings are very old-fashioned to us and at times can sound very awkward. Even his readers in his time found that the wording and spelling of phrases and words was quaint. William Blake also used forms of punctuation that were not considered to be standard. He used the ampersand , instead of the word and.† Following his unorthodox style, William Blake did not print his poems in type, instead he engraved them on an illustrated background. Engraving is now usually referred to as handwritten,†¦show more content†¦Theological tyranny is the subject of The Book of Urizen (1794). In the prose work The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1790-93), he satirized oppressive authority in church and state, as well as the works of Emanuel Swedenborg , a Swedish philosopher whose ideas once attracted his interest. Blake’s main concept was imagination and many people questioned if he was brilliant or just completely insane. William Blake was influenced by many great thinkers of his day, and was well aware of the conflicts that were arising between science and the arts in his era. In his work, he makes sure to define reason and explain how it differs from passions. He even assigned personalities to represent the conflicts and characteristics of these definitions in his poetry and art. There have been many men who loved to speculate the future. William Blake was one of these men, and if he spoke incoherently and obscurely, it was because what he spoke had never been discovered before. He announced the religion of art, which no man had ever done before him, and he understood it better than anyone else. He published his most popular collection, Songs of Innocence, in 1789 and followedShow MoreRelatedLangston Hughes Research Pa per25309 Words   |  102 PagesIn 1919, when Langston Hughes was seventeen years old, he spent the summer with his father, Jim Hughes, in Toluca, Mexico. Langston had not seen his father since he was a small child, and he was excited about making the trip. However, during this visit, no affectionate bond would develop between Langston and Jim. Jim Hughes was a cold, difficult man, who was driven by ambition to make money and achieve respect. He had moved to Mexico to avoid segregation and racial injustice in the United States.Read MoreChildrens Literature13219 Words   |  53 Pagesconvinced of the importance of children’s books.’ That similar statements are still being made two hundred years later shows us how much children’s books have always had to prove in England. And it has been harder still for children’s fantasy, since it supposedly goes against that hearty empiricism which has been as much the hallmark of the standard Englishman as once was hi s roast beef. Bloomfi eld, after all, was talking about ‘realistic’ children’s books which could be made useful by being directedRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesappropriate page within text. Copyright  © 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use materialRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagestogether the very diverse strands of work that today qualify as constituting the subject of organisational theory. Whilst their wr iting is accessible and engaging, their approach is scholarly and serious. It is so easy for students (and indeed others who should know better) to trivialize this very problematic and challenging subject. This is not the case with the present book. This is a book that deserves to achieve a wide readership. Professor Stephen Ackroyd, Lancaster University, UK This new textbook

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Benjamin Franklin Henry David Thoreau - 1043 Words

Benjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreau have been thought of as two powerful philosophers in history. Both men were alive centuries ago, but their unique ways of life and ideas still exist in some of history’s most admirable figures. Each man had a judgment that went beyond the era they existed in, but is still obvious in today’s culture. Even though both men are credited for their wise principles, their beliefs do not always coincide with one another. However, one thing they do have in common is that they both revolutionized America through their thoughts, actions, and distinctive opinions on how to improve the world around them. Henry David Thoreau and Benjamin Franklin had a lot of similar ways of life. The men didn’t believe in the†¦show more content†¦His autobiography is the first example of the completion of the American Dream. Franklin talks about his life history as an example to exemplify the most significant American character and principles , like strength of mind, self-reliance, determination, hard work, penny-pinching, and dependence on a code of moral principles are the elements of achievement. He describes how he became an excellent citizen through lack of money and steady assiduousness. Franklin established the potential of life in the New World through his own rise of the social classes. His family was poor when he was a child, but despite that, he became a very rich and influential man. In addition, he declares that he pulled off his achievements through a diligent work ethic. He showed that even ordinary people in Boston possibly would, through industry, turn out to be great people of significance in America. Walden, by Henry David Thoreau describes the events and the thoughts that came to Thoreau all through his time living at Walden Pond in the eighteenth century. Henry David Thoreau was a poet and a theorist who experienced a life of ease so that he could create a relationship between nature, people, and God . His narrative in Walden depicted many themes, for example the significance of the natural world, the implication of development, the meaning of detail, and the connection between the body and mind. He also urbanized many theoretical ideas about living a simple and natural life, andShow MoreRelated Personal Freedom and Independence: The Works of Benjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreau1793 Words   |  8 Pagesthe Works of Benjamin Franklin and Henry Thoreau It is an undisputable fact that the contribution of such prominent philosophers, writers, political and social activists as Benjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreau in developing American statehood is tremendous. The literary works of both men can serve as a manifesto of national and personal liberation, a call for building a better society, where each citizen can live and work freely. Indeed, both Henry Thoreau and Benjamin Franklin emphasize theRead MoreEssay Benjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreaus Religions737 Words   |  3 PagesBenjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreaus Religions Benjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreau are by no means religious in any traditional sense of the word. If, however, â€Å"religious† is taken to mean the â€Å"belief in any sort of supreme being...that obliges ethical or moral conduct†, then both Franklin and Thoreau fall into this category. Though the two are strikingly opposite in their manner and social interaction, they are both held to a religious and personal standard. TheirRead MoreThe Emergence Of Self Concept1489 Words   |  6 PagesIndividualism and identity of the Revolutionary Period, many literary voices emerged during the nineteenth century to establish the American Literature. With a fresh and vastly expanding American culture, writers such as Benjamin Franklin, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau, and Emerson, published works that constructed a literary tradition in the United States rooted in the ideals of individualism, nature, and self-reliance. Amid the Revolutionary period, America began to establish its culturalRead MoreHenry David Thoreau And Ben Franklin994 Words   |  4 Pagesbecome necessary for everyday life; it has become vital to a society that is ever more dependent on technology. Nevertheless, reading is beneficial in ways that listening and watching movies can never be. The works of Anne Bradstreet, Henry David Thoreau, and Ben Franklin help acknowledge this idea through the impacts they have had on readers still today. If you ask anyone about a book that was also made into a movie which they prefer, most of the time their response is that they preferred reading theRead MoreHappiness : The Goal Of Life1624 Words   |  7 Pagesa. Introduction 2. Religions Perspective on Happiness a. Overview of Religions b. Christians, Islamic and Judaism c. Buddhism and Taoism 3. People Throughout History’s Thoughts on Happiness a. Overview of Peoples Perspectives b. Henry David Thoreau and Benjamin Franklin c. Thomas Jefferson and Aristotle 4. Personal Views on Happiness a. A goal to be accomplished b. Conclusion Happiness: The Goal of Life Throughout the history of mankind there have been a few things that humans have seeked includingRead MoreHow Education Should Be Structured Essay2015 Words   |  9 Pagesnew appreciation for the schools of science and philosophy (â€Å"Enlightenment† 159). Decades later, in the 1820s and 1830s, another revolution of thought occurred, once again challenging the definition of education. These writers, most notably Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Margaret Fuller, were part of a movement known as Transcendentalism, which championed self-education and living out one’s full potential foremost as person in truth rather than in scholarly learning. Although each majorRead MoreRomanticism in American Literature2283 Words   |  10 PagesRomanticism in American Literature, Getting to Know Thoreau Poe Within this paper will be an explanation of the ideals of Romantic writers in Early American Literature. We will also look at some aspects of Romanticism that were uniquely understood by the writers and artists in the United States. There will be a brief discussion of â€Å"bright† and â€Å"dark† Romantic writing and it is there that we will look at the lives, and one poem each, of Henry David Thoreau, a â€Å"bright† romantic writer and Edgar Allan PoeRead Morefamous people1742 Words   |  7 PagesJefferson The author of the five most important words in American history: â€Å"All men are created equal.† 4 Franklin Delano Roosevelt He said, â€Å"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself,† and then he proved it. 5 Alexander Hamilton Soldier, banker, and political scientist, he set in motion an agrarian nation’s transformation into an industrial power. 6 Benjamin Franklin The Founder-of-all-trades— scientist, printer, writer, diplomat, inventor, and more; like his country, he containedRead MoreThe Long History Of Summer Camp1901 Words   |  8 Pagesemphasized the idea that God can be found in nature through the application of human reasoning. The popularity of this philosophy grew as it gained public support from various highly regarded figures in the 18th century such as George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson. Deistic influence on American life is evidenced by the official motto â€Å"In God We Trust,† which first appeared on United States currency under the Lincoln administration. This saying reflects the views expressed withinRead MoreBrief Survey of American Literature3339 Words   |  14 Pages1730s-1740s) Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Thomas Paine (1737-1809) Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Olaudah Equiano (1745?-1797) Philip Freneau (1752-1832) Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784) Hannah Webster Foster (1758-1840) Enlightenment and establishment of the nation Benjamin Franklin a second-generation immigrant of English descendent Writer, printer, publisher, scientist, statesman, and diplomat, he was the most famous and respected private figure of his time. Benjamin Franklin recorded his

Friday, December 20, 2019

Definition Of Disability, Perception, Service, Delivery,...

Abstract This paper will be reflecting a particular philosophy in relation to the following definition of disability, perception of disability, terminology, service delivery and purpose of service delivery. It will also discuss Social Minority Model. What exactly is Social Minority Model? It can be described as the social model of disability optically discerns the issue of disability as a convivially engendered quandary and a matter of the full integration of individuals into society. In this model, incapacitation is not an attribute of an individual, but rather an intricate accumulation of conditions, many of which are engendered by the gregarious environment. Hence, the management of the quandary requires gregarious action and is the collective responsibility of society at immensely colossal to make the environmental modifications compulsory for the full participation of people with disabilities in all areas of gregarious life. The issue is both cultural and ideological, requiring individual, community, and sizably voluminous-scale gregarious change. From this perspective, equal access for someone with an impairment/incapacitation is a human rights issue of major concern. The Social Model of Disability A physical or mental condition that limits a person s movements, senses, or activities; a disadvantage or handicap, especially one imposed or recognized by the law, is the definition of disability. The definition of incapacitation is highly contentious for severalShow MoreRelatedWhat Is Identity? Who Defines Such, And How Is It Constructed?1570 Words   |  7 Pagescomplex than its dictionary definition. Although the word â€Å"identity† is used correctly in everyday discourse, its meaning is not captured by the definition. Identity has a double sense, it can refer to one’s self, a personal identity; but at the same time can also be socially constructed. People have unique identities which may be partly determined by family influences and personal development, but also biological influences such as a sex, ethnicity, age and disability. As far back as 1690 John LockeRead MoreRural Migrant Workers And Agricultural Workers1170 Words   |  5 Pagesworking long hours, English illiterate and living in a poor socioeconomic status, access to preventive health care services becomes very challenging. Different solutions to tackle this challenge have been proposed, including mobile clinics as well as clinics devoted to providing medical care to this population. Both still face significant barriers in delivering health care services to agricultural migrant workers (AMWs). Building upon an idea proposed at the Finding Common Grounds conference â€Å"EasierRead MoreFactors Contributing At The Behavioral Health Sector Of Public Service1745 Words   |  7 Pagesthe company performed services in the behavioral health arena and focused on the high est behavioral disruptive individuals in the Kansas City, Missouri area, DMH and other state agencies had a great deal interest in the staffing capabilities of PBM (M.McGraw, personal communication, August 5, 2016). Therefore, the purpose of this investigation will be to study the factors contributing to the turnover/retention of employees in the behavioral health sector of public service. Ultimately, the researchRead MoreThe Effects Of Non Pharmacological Interventions On Quality Of Life Of Young Adults Living At Home With Neurological Conditions1499 Words   |  6 Pagesquality of life. According to the National Service Framework (NSF) for Older People (DH 2004) any person below the age of 65 is considered a young adult. Similarly the National Service Framework for Long Term Conditions (DH 2005) puts the age of the young adult at between the ages of 18 to 65. A young adult definition is also given as below 65 in the National Framework for Continuing Care (2012). The Department of Health (DH 2004) gave a clear definition between these 2 age groups of under 65 andRead MoreMeasurement of Sevice Quality of Apollo Using Servqual12789 Words   |  52 PagesAmity Business School EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Service firms like other organizations are realizing the significance of customer-centered philosophies and are turning to quality management approaches to help manage their businesses. This paper starts with the concept of service quality and demonstrates the model of service quality gaps. SERVQUAL as an effective approach has been studied and its role in the analysis of the difference between customer perceptions and expectations has been highlighted withRead MoreUnit 5001 Personal Development as a Manager and Leader Essay10584 Words   |  43 Pagesprofessional development. Section 4 focuses of the importance of staff health and safety and welfare. Introduction The Author of this report is a senior support worker for Lifechoice, part of KCC’s In-house provision for Adults with a Learning Disability. The Author has worked for Kent County Council (KCC) for 22 years. This report has been written as part of the requirement of the Level 5 Diploma Study; it has been completed using research and workshops. The report focuses on personal developmentRead MoreHealth Care Organisations Are Complex And Dynamic Essay1357 Words   |  6 Pagesand the complexity of tasks carried out in provisions of services are so great that individual staff operating on their own could not get the job done. Moreover, the necessary tasks in producing services in health care organisations require the coordination of many highly specialised disciplines that must work together seamlessly. As discussed earlier management, governance and clinical governance is needed to support and coordinate the services that are provided within the health care organisationsRead MoreChallenges And Achievements Of The Colombia s Health Care System1440 Words   |  6 Pagesand THE ISSUE (question): T:Colombia’s health Care System Q: How effective have government measures been in reducing health system problems in Colombia? What are some of the challenges facing the health care system in there, especially health services in rural areas? INTRO-DIFFERENT POINTS OF VIEW: Background Background: 70s-90s, Colombia: low-middle income country/ 38 Mill inhabitants †¢70% living Urban A. †¢Infant mortality rate 25x1000 birth †¢Col- ↓Impact of chronic diseases †¢Ã¢â€ â€˜PrevalenceRead MoreStudy on Mental Retardation5456 Words   |  22 Pages * Patient s rights and Consumer Protection Act * The Persons With Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection Of Rights And Full Participation) Act, 1995 * Conclusion * Reference | 030304040505070809141718 | INTRODUCTION: The essay includes the topic of Medico-Legal issues: Medical Professional and Consumer Protection Act (COPRA). The rights of the patients under consumer protection Act. People with Disability Act 1995 and its relevance to the Medical profession. The Doctor patientRead MorePatient Safety2662 Words   |  11 Pagesdue to unsafe medical care. Healthcare institutions are becoming more aware of the importance of transforming organizational culture in order to improve patient safety. Growing interest in a culture of safety has been accompanied by the need for perception of health care workers on the aspects of patient safety improvement efforts. International accrediting bodies such as the Joint Commission International (2009) stated that almost 50 percent of their standards are directly related to safety. Beforehand

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Arts Of The Contact Zone By Pratt Essay Example For Students

Arts Of The Contact Zone By Pratt Essay In Arts of the Contact Zone, Mary Louise Pratt introduces a term very unfamiliar to many people. This term, autoethnography, means the way in which subordinate peoples present themselves in ways that their dominants have represented them. Therefore, autoethnography is not self-representation, but a collaboration of mixed ideas and values form both the dominant and subordinate cultures. They are meant to address the speakers own community as well as the conquerors. Pratt provides many examples of autoethnography throughout her piece, including two texts by Guaman Poma and her son, Manuel. Although very different in setting, ideas, and time periods, they accomplish the difficult goal of cross-cultural communication. Guaman Poma, an Andean who claimed noble Inca descent, wrote a twelve hundred page long letter in 1613 to King Philip III of Spain. This manuscript was particularly unique because it was written in two languages, Spanish and Quechua, the native language of the Andeans. Quechua was not thought of as a written language . . . ., nor Andean culture as a literate culture 584. This letter proved the theory wrong. Somehow, Poma interacted with the Spanish in a contact zone, which is a social space where cultures meet, clash, and grapple with each other 584. This communication forced him to learn the Spanish culture and use it to his advantage. With his new found knowledge, he presented to the world a piece of work that incorporated Andean customs and values with European manners and ideas, exemplifying the idea of cross-cultural communication. The only flaw in his piece was that it never reached its intended recipient and therefore, did not get recognized until it was three hundred fifty years too late. Poma combines his Andean knowledge with his Spanish knowledge. He constructs his text by appropriating and adapting pieces of the representational repertoire of the invaders 589. At one point, he makes the Spaniards seem foolish and greedy. The Spanish, . . . ., brought nothing of value to share with the Andeans, nothing but armor and guns with the lust for gold, silver, gold and silver. . . . 587. It is obvious from this quote that Poma intentionally exaggerates the Spaniards to be an avaricious people. He believes that they have brought nothing useful to the Andeans but ways of greed and a hunger for power. By writing in their own language, Poma shows his oppositional representation of the Spaniards. His transcultural character is not only seen in the written text, but also in the visual content of some four hundred pages. The drawings show the subordinate-dominant plane of the Spanish conquest. They depict the Inca way of life, as well as the greedy nature of the Spanish. The drawings themselves are European in style, but deploy specifically Andean systems of spatial symbolism that express Andean values and aspirations 589. In Andean symbolism, the height at which a person or people are drawn indicate their power and authority in society. Poma mocks the Spanish in one of his drawings by  showing the Andean and the Spaniard at the same level, knowing that the Spanish believed that they were the dominant culture. His drawings, along with their own individual autoethnographic captions, help to emphasize the transcultural symbolism and nature of his manuscript. Together, they accentuate the ideas of autoethnography. Pomas letter is not Pratts only way of exhibiting an autoethnographic text. She also uses her son, Manuels, experiences in grammar school to further emphasize her point of cross-cultural communication. The teacher-pupil relationship is just one of many examples of a dominant-subordinate relationship. The teacher gives out a task and the student is expected to obey the command. In this particular situation, Manuels teacher asks them to write a paragraph using single-sentence responses to a few questions. .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 , .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .postImageUrl , .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 , .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149:hover , .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149:visited , .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149:active { border:0!important; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149:active , .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149 .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u69dc91ad734aceb355d39d327a32a149:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: 'The Darkness Out There' written by Penelope Lively EssayManuel, unwilling to be the subordinate, tries to resist the assignment in a clever way, since he is expected to identify with the interests of those in power over him-parents, teachers, doctors, public authorities 592. His mockery of the task is seen right from the title of his paragraph, A Grate Adventchin. The words of the title are not misspelled because Manuel is not a good speller, but are purposely misspelled because of his intent to defy the authority figure, his teacher. The concept of autoethnography is clearly seen in this situation. Although Manuels paragraph was a mass of misspellings, his teacher still rewarded him with the usual star for completion of the task assigned or for just obeying orders. The humor of it was not recognized. It could have been that his teacher did not truly see Manuels point or that his teacher could have totally disregarded his humor altogether. No recognition was available, however, of the humor, the attempt to be critical or contestatory, to parody the structures of authority 593. Manuels goal was not accomplished, although he did do better than Guaman Poma. His piece reached the intended recipient, but with no prevail. Both outcomes were, in essence, the same. Pratts essay, or speech, is, in itself, an example of an authoethnographic text. Although many people think that she is writing from a dominant perspective, she is actually writing from the subordinate point of view. Her intellectual use of words and ideas tend to mislead even the greatest of minds. Because of this fact, many students have a hard time interpreting the meaning and point of Pratts piece-a piece initially intended for her fellow writers and colleagues, who seem to be on the same level of thinking in the area of literature and writing as she is. In her speech, Pratt is not trying to win over an audience or sell her ideas. Rather, she is trying to explain autoethnography and how it applies to everyday life through the eyes of the minority. This is how her text becomes autoethnographic. She places herself in the eyes of the dominant. Aspiring towards better luck than Guaman Poma and her son, Pratt hopes that her audience understands autoethnography and its applications. Through the use  of examples, Pratt is able to reveal the communicative arts of the contact zone, focusing especially on autoethnography. Autoethnography is how people describe themselves as others view them, and not necessarily how they view themselves. The examples Pratt mentions demonstrate issues of interaction and communication with all peoples of the world, whether past or present, near or far. Guaman Poma and Manuel, two very different people from very different time periods, will always be in connection with one another because they share being a part of the subordinate group in a dominant-subordinate relationship. Autoethnographic texts do not address and affect just one side of that relationship, but both sides. Pratt proves this idea in her piece.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

`Knowledge Management Principles

Question: Discuss about theKnowledge Management Principles. Answer: Data are raw facts which are put together, organized and processed to give information (De Mauro, et al. 2015, p. 98). The information produced can as well be used as input data to be combined with other sets of information to produce an output that a person requires. The data or information may be termed as useful or useless by others. Information equips one with knowledge which is a general understanding of a situation, place or object. People find data useful when they are ready to analyze and examine it. For instance, business managers and administrators apply practical experimentation of data into developing strategy. When a company wants to create new products, the idea is expanded, processed and put into action until the commodity is prepared. They even carry on research analysis to find data which they use it to determine how the public feels about the products made. Therefore, the commodity producers always find data useful and adding knowledge to their professions. Funke, (et al. 2012, p.1427) explain data can be subdivided into personal and transactional data. The users of these type of data find it useful for it gives the knowledge on various aspects. Personal data can be found in emails, postal addresses internet accounts. People find it useful since they use the data to know more about the person quoted. On the other hand, transactional data users are individuals who research information to assist them in their activities. For instance, a person can research about prices, quantity, and durability of various machines. At the end the person, the most suitable equipment. The person will find data useful. On the other hand, people information useless particularly where data is manipulated or misleading (Xin, et al. 2010, p. 192). When people use it, they do not derive any valuable information from them. They, therefore, find it time wasting and end up referring it useless. An example of data that people may find it useless or unnecessary is when a formula provided on a piece of paper does not solve a mathematical task given. Holden cars can are sold in most cities in Australia. A buyer can decide whether to purchase a second-hand or a new Holden car. For the used cars, one can find them through a website with prices ranging $30,000 (Carsales, 2017). The other alternative is purchasing a new car using the companys website. The car is designed in a modern outlook which makes it look classy and adorable. It makes the owners have a luxurious lifestyle. Inside, it is equipped with the advanced technology which supports both Apple and Android devices. Whenever one is driving the Holden Commodore, he or she is always. Besides, the car is great to drive. It has spacious interior making providing space to adjust the seat the way the user wants (Holden, 2017). On top of that, Commodore cars are available in several editions or models like the Evoke and SV6. The buyer can choose which model suits most. The cars are fuel efficient. (Caradvice, 2017) Explains the Commodore cars 11.8 liters for each 100 kilometers covered. Despite, their 3 to 6.2L engines are very efficient making the rider to gain acceleration in little time and cruise for long distances. Lastly, the cars have advanced safety and protection. The technology used is capable of warning and alerting the driver on forwarding collisions, lane departures, blind sport alert and it also assist when parking the car. Airbags are present for protecting drivers in case of accidents. For my choice, I would advise one to go for the Holden Commodore. Although its prices are high, the services obtained from the car make it fine, luxurious, secure and easy to ride making life easy. Roles of Organizational Culture These are the assumptions, methods, beliefs and values which control how individuals behave and act within an institution (Chen, et al. 2010, p.857). It plays several roles in developing knowledge infrastructure of the organization. This is done through the creation of teams and work groups where the members learn and pass knowledge and expertise to each other. The members cope with each other well due to healthy relationships formed. Most organization cultures offer training and mentorship programs, especially to the recruited employees. During this process, the mentors pass knowledge, skills and work techniques to their juniors (Masalimova, et al. 2015, p. 39). In that way, knowledge management is improved. Other ways include; managers passing guidelines to the workers and making employees interact in the workplace. Eventually, knowledge management at the workplace will be improved. Organizational Structure It shows how the management plans, controls and administrates the whole organization through rules, policies, and procedures. Knowledge management is enhanced through the creation of the hierarchy structure. From the senior most directors, knowledge is passed and delegated to the lower managers until it reaches the subordinate employees (Ribes, et al. 2013. p. 7) Just like the organization culture, teams are strongly recommended in the structure. The members of the teams share knowledge on their skills. Besides, the structure helps in employees to participate in the decision-making process. Not all decisions are made by the higher administration. In the workplace, where small issues strike a department, members in that sector can are given a privilege by their manager to discuss solutions. The workers are equipped with knowledge on solving problems at a certain level. The knowledge infrastructure is thus improved. A community of practice is a collection of individuals who have a common profession and engage together within a given place of work (Baglin, et al. 2010, p.148). At a local hospital, there can be various professionals such as pharmacists, dentists, and general doctors. These people perform essential duties within the hospitals. A local hospital can benefit through some ways; improvement of health care due to combined expertise (Serdyukov, et al. 2011, p. 407). The professionals within the hospital do specific jobs. For example, a local dentist deals with patients with dental matters. Similarly, nurses, though not professionals, they assist in the clearing, directing and offering assistance to the patients. Due to combined expertise from various persons, the hospital would record higher health care levels attained. Also, a local hospital can benefit when more professionals join the place. The current experts may detect a deficiency of a profession at the hospital. For example, it may be discovered that the number of patients requiring surgical attentions is getting bigger. Therefore, a surgeon will be brought to the hospital. In that way, the local hospital will benefit since more experts join improving the services. Riva, (et al. 2013, p.2) say CoPs help dispensaries in undergoing evolution. The facility begins when it is small with only a few doctors and nurses. When more professionals are added up to the workplace, more buildings, machines, and equipment are brought. With time, the dispensary evolves to a regional hospital offering most essential health care services. The evolution and development would have originated due to the presence of the CoP. References Baglin, M.R. and Rugg, S., 2010. Student nurses experiences of community-based practice placement learning: A qualitative exploration. Nurse Education in Practice, 10(3), pp.144-152. Caradvice, 2017. Holden Commodore. [Online] Available at: https://www.caradvice.com.au/holden/commodore/[Accessed 19 4 2017]. Carsales, 2017. Holden Commodore Cars For Sale in Australia. [Online] Available at: https://www.carsales.com.au/car/holden/commodore/ [Accessed 19 4 2017]. Chen, C.J., Huang, J.W. and Hsiao, Y.C., 2010. Knowledge management and innovativeness: The role of organizational climate and structure. International Journal of Manpower, 31(8), pp.848-870. De Mauro, A., Greco, M. and Grimaldi, M., 2015, February. What is big data? A consensual definition and a review of key research topics. In G. Giannakopoulos, D.P. Sakas and D. Kyriaki-Manessi eds. AIP conference proceedings (Vol. 1644, No. 1, pp. 97-104). AIP. Funke, F., Kemper, A. and Neumann, T., 2012. Compacting transactional data in hybrid OLTPOLAP databases. Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, 5(11), pp.1424-1435. Holden, 2017. Holden, let us go there. [Online] Available at: https://www.holden.com.au/[Accessed 19 4 2017]. Masalimova, A.R. and Nigmatov, Z.G., 2015. Structural-functional model for corporate training of specialists in carrying out mentoring. Review of European Studies, 7(4), p.39. Ribes, D., Jackson, S., Geiger, S., Burton, M. and Finholt, T., 2013. Artifacts that organize: Delegation in the distributed organization. Information and Organization, 23(1), pp.1-14. Riva, M.A. and Cesana, G., 2013. The charity and the care: the origin and the evolution of hospitals. European journal of internal medicine, 24(1), pp.1-4. Serdyukov, P., Taylor, M., Vinay, V., Richardson, M. and White, R.W., 2011, April. Automatic people tagging for expertise profiling in the enterprise. In European Conference on Information Retrieval (pp. 399-410). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Xin, Z., Chen, H., Han, H., Mao, B. and Xie, L., 2010, October. Misleading malware similarities analysis by automatic data structure obfuscation. In International Conference on Information Security (pp. 181-195). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.